TMJ (temporomandibular joint) disorders are a family of problems related to your complex jaw joint. These symptoms occur when the joints of the jaw and the chewing muscles (muscles of mastication) do not work together correctly. Since some types of TMJ problems can lead to more serious conditions, early detection and treatment are important.

If your TMJ disorder has caused problems with how your teeth fit together, you may need treatment such as bite adjustment (equilibration), orthodontics with or without jaw reconstruction, or restorative dental work.

Surgical options such as arthroscopy and open joint repair restructuring are sometimes needed but are reserved for severe cases. TMJ surgery is not considered unless the jaw can’t open, is dislocated, has severe degeneration, pain affecting the your quality of life, or you have undergone appliance treatment unsuccessfully.